Islamic artwork has a complex history. The visual style trends of the artworks are not just impacted by Islamic people, but rather these trends are influenced by various factors such as cultural, historical and social factors. Each trend arising from these factors has a significant visual impact. Here are a few unique visual style trends found in Islamic artwork:
The trend of infinite patterns can be found in all periods of Islamic artwork. This visual effect symbolises the belief of eternity and the disbelief of temporary lives. The motionless Islamic artwork represents a piece of a pattern that can only be shown in its true form in infinity. This visual style trend is used in Arabian culture, it can be seen in the form of infinite stems, leaves and blossoms that form multiple images of the same leaf.
The use of calligraphy in Islamic artwork is the substitute for figural representations. Figural representations are forbidden in the Islamic religion, so the calligraphy replaces these figures to bring religious significance to the artwork. The style of calligraphy comes in two main forms; Kufic and Nashki. Nashki is the more modern of the two scripts, in which various strokes and lines are exaggerated to enhance the artwork.
Islamic artwork incorporates a lot of floral patterns. This visual style trend takes inspiration from local and international artists. This type of design is usually combined with the design of infinite patterns which create a relaxing effect on viewers of the artwork.